Stop and look for robotics project ideas to jump-start your career

by Analytics Insight

April 17, 2022

These robotics project ideas for engineering students will come in handy during practice

Nowadays, many student-engineers show great interest in robotic projects. They are attracting a lot of interest compared to other electronic projects. At the education level, these projects on robotics are very popular, they are line follower robots, pick and place robots, firefighters, wall track, humanoids, hexapods, etc. These robotics project ideas for engineering students will come in handy while doing the practice. So, here are the top 10 robotics project ideas for engineering students.

1. 3D printed robot

It turns out that 3D printing is a wonderful application for the discipline of robotics. It gives designers the freedom to add new features to their creations. That, and end users can customize a robot to their specific needs. With robotics and 3D printing combined, people are pushing the boundaries of what is possible every day. Therefore, a 3D printed robot would be the best project to complete in your final year to make an everlasting impact.

2. Robot stair climber

Robots have been widely used for a large number of tasks. But a very promising use of robotics lies in the transport of goods. Most robots use a wheeled or tracked mechanism for mobility. While wheeled mechanisms provide impressive speed and a significant steering advantage, it often proves difficult to use in off-road conditions and over obstacles.

3. Robotic arm controlled by touch screen

The project proposes a robotic vehicle with a touch screen that is controlled remotely. The touchscreen remote control is used as a transmitter to send RF control signals. The robotic vehicle consists of receivers used to pick up these signals and perform the required tasks. The project uses an 8051 microcontroller for this purpose. The touchscreen device is used as a transmitter to send motion commands to the robotic vehicle. The vehicle receiver receives these commands and operates the vehicle using an 8051 microcontroller.

4. Line follower robot

A line follower is a simple robot that follows a thick line drawn on the ground using infrared (IR) or other optical sensors. This line following robot uses two motors with wheels in the back and a swivel wheel as a support in the front. The line follower robot is one of the best robotic projects to try especially for final year engineering students who want to make an everlasting impression.

5. Solar Floor Cleaning Robot

A solar-based floor cleaning robot helps clean outdoor areas, patios, open restaurants, large campuses, and more. You can prepare a robot to help cleaners clean large open spaces without any physical effort and without the need to charge the robot. Students can use the RF remote to control the robot and send motion commands. The solar floor cleaning robot is a must-have robot project for engineering students.

6. Metal detector robotic vehicle

The system works in conjunction with an 8051 series microcontroller to perform this operation. Push buttons are used to send commands to move the vehicle forward, backward, left and right. Two motors at the receiving end operate the vehicle according to the received commands. As soon as a command is sent, it is transmitted via the RF transmitter. On receipt, an RF receiver reads the command and passes it to an 8051 microcontroller for processing. The microcontroller then operates the motors to move the vehicle via a motor driver IC. The metal detection system attached to the system detects any metal underneath. In case of detection, it automatically sends a small audible alarm to inform the user. Thus, the metal detection system coupled with a robotic vehicle makes it possible to operate the robotic vehicle over a radius of 200 meters remotely using RF technology.

7. Choose and place the robotic vehicle

A pick and place robot is one that is used to pick up an object and place it in the desired location. It can be a cylindrical robot providing movement in horizontal, vertical and rotational axes, a spherical robot providing two rotational movements and one linear movement, an articulated robot or a scary robot ( fixed robots with rotating arms with 3 vertical axes). The basic function of a pick and place robot is provided by its joints. Joints are analogous to human joints and are used to join the two consecutive rigid bodies in the robot. They can be rotating joints or linear joints. To add a joint to any link of a robot, we need to know the degrees of freedom and the degrees of motion of that body part. Degrees of freedom implement linear and rotary motion of the body and degrees of motion involve the number of axes the body can move.

8. Mobile Autonomous Robot

The proposed system is able to detect obstacles at different distances. This was inspired by a visual approach algorithm and was achieved by setting the minimum number of pixels in the code while measuring the distance between the camera and the obstacle. The proposed system was implemented on a Raspberry Pi using a USB webcam to capture images. The proposed system will integrate a USB camera that will be connected to a Raspberry Pi. Raspberry Pi will run a python script that will grab frames in the video while looking for a geometric shape, i.e. circles. If the circle is detected, depending on the location of the circle on the screen, the script will pull up or down the pins of the GPIO port which will be used to control the direction of the robot.

9. Robot playing chess

This project incorporates aspects of robotics, computer vision and of course chess. And don’t worry! It’s very easy to set up, the code is written in Python and every step of the project is explained in this series of tutorials, so it’s perfect for those who don’t have much experience in the field. It uses a camera and a visual recognition system running on a Raspberry Pi to detect the movements of chess pieces in the game. It uses Stockfish as a chess engine to validate the moves of the human player and decide which move the robot will make , then it uses all this information to transcribe the game into a graphical user interface that shows the state of the game and allows you to configure all aspects of it, for example, at the start of the game it allows you to calibrate the camera and choose the color you want to play with. It requires no special chessboard or piece; in fact, the GUI allows you to enter the dimensions of your board so you can play without making code changes or having to create a custom board.

10. Cleaning robot

This enables automatic cleaning of a particular area or room by covering the area using boundary scanning. The robotic system follows a zigzag path to cover the entire room. The system uses ultrasonic sensors for boundary detection and operates accordingly to cover the entire room. The system also has a vacuum cleaner attached to the rear for dust extraction. It also displays the time used for a complete cleaning session and displays it on an LCD screen after the cleaning process. The system uses a microcontroller-based circuit system to monitor ultrasonic sensors as well as operate LCD displays and control robot motion at the same time. The system detects a corner of the room and starts from there, it then activates the motor of the vacuum cleaner in order to start the suction system.

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